Ceramic is one of the most resistant and durable floor coverings. It can be used in many different rooms, including heavy traffic areas. Ceramic and porcelain tiles are made from clay and minerals and are generally finished with a durable glaze. Natural stone is a rich, elegant material with specific maintenance needs.
Ceramic and porcelain tiles are generally between 6 and 24 square inches. With a depth of 6 to 12.5 millimeters, ceramic tiles can sometimes be installed over other floor coverings.
Use of ceramic, natural stone or porcelain tile
Ceramic natural stone or porcelain tiles are recommended for the following areas :
Advantages of ceramic or porcelain tiles
Easy to maintain
Resist scratches, scuff marks, chemicals, stains and water
Incombustible and fireproof
Compatible with radiant floor heating
Quantity of ceramic tiles or stone needed
Before starting your project, make sure you know the quantity of material you will need. Here's how to calculate it:
Determine the area to be covered in square feet.
Add about 10% to cover wastage.
Multiply this number by the price per square foot, adding installation costs, if any.
Check how the material you wish to install is sold. Some products are sold only by the box.
Have your calculations checked by an expert before ordering. This first step just helps you establish a budget.
Cost of ceramic and porcelain tiles
The price of ceramic and porcelain tiles varies between $2 and $7 per square foot, depending on the brand and quality chosen. You may also need to purchase installation materials and an underlayment membrane.
Care and maintenance of ceramic and porcelain tiles
Brooms and vacuum cleaners can both be used to maintain this type of floor covering. Wash ceramic or natural stone tiles with mild soap and water. For ceramic tiles, a mixture of water and vinegar can also be used. Avoid abrasives: they can damage the finish.
Test all cleaning products on a small area before use.
Apply a grout sealant thirty days after installation (this step is optional).
Read the instructions before using cleaning products.
Don’t use hydrochloric acid.
Don’t use steel wool.
Don’t use petroleum- or animal fat-based detergents.
Don’t wax ceramic tiles.
Glazed ceramic floor coverings
Sweep, vacuum, or damp mop with clean water
If you must use a cleaning product, use a no-rinse ceramic floor cleaner (available from our cleaning products counter).
Unglazed ceramic or natural stone
Apply a sealant on most unglazed ceramic and natural stone tiles before installation. Other than that, maintenance of these tiles is the same as for glazed ceramic floor tiles.
Glazed ceramic walls
Ceramic walls may be cleaned with glass cleaner or mild household cleaners, but it is important to rinse well after cleaning. Daily care generally consists of no more than a quick wipe with a damp sponge or cloth.
Ceramic shower tiles require more regular care to remove soap scum and hard water deposits. It is usually enough to spray an all-purpose cleanser on the tiles, wait three to five minutes, then rinse. A solution of water and white vinegar should remove hard water stains.
For deeper cleaning, use a specialized cleaner available at our cleaning products counter.
Shower mold and mildew can be removed with a commercial mold remover, bleach, or ammonia. Never use these together. Rinse thoroughly and wipe with a clean cloth.